Taliban, Afghan Delegates Agree On Road Map To Peace — But Texts Differ
The Taliban and a delegation representing Afghan society have agreed at talks in Qatar upon a road map for a future political settlement in what is seen as a major step toward ending Afghanistan’s nearly 18-year war.
However, there are major discrepancies between different versions of the resolution released in the Pashto, Dari, and English languages that highlight where difficulties in the negotiations remain.
The English version, released on July 9 by U.S. envoy Zalmay Khalilzad as an “unofficial translation,” declares that the Taliban and intra-Afghan delegates had agreed to assure Afghan women their fundamental rights in “political, social, economic, educational, [and] cultural affairs” in a way that is “in accordance with the values of Islam.”
That is a key demand from Afghanistan’s internationally backed government in Kabul. The English translation also did not contain any reference to one of the key issues for the Taliban — their demand for the withdrawal of all foreign military forces from Afghanistan.
In Pashto, the main language of most Taliban, the text included references to the withdrawal of foreign troops as part of the road map. But it did not include any reference to guarantees for women’s rights. Like the English text, the Dari version of the resolution included references to guaranteeing women’s rights but did not mention the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan.
In all versions of the joint declaration, the Taliban and intra-Afghan delegates said they agreed to reduce “civilian casualties to zero” with pledges not to attack hospitals and schools or critical infrastructure such as hydroelectric dams. They also said they agree to the unconditional release of old, disabled, and sick prisoners, and to be more diplomatic in their public statements about each other.
The document is nonbinding and is seen as a basic framework for future talks on a final peace agreement between the Taliban and Afghan government representatives. The road map comes as the United States and the Taliban continue negotiations on the withdrawal of foreign troops from Afghanistan in return for a commitment from the militants that Afghan territory will never again be used to launch terrorist attacks against the United States and its allies.
The latest round of the U.S.-Taliban negotiations began on July 1 but was paused on July 7-8 for two days of intra-Afghan dialogue. U.S. and Taliban negotiators resumed their talks in Qatar on July 9. The Taliban has refused to hold direct negotiations with the Afghan government until the United States announces a timetable for the withdrawal.
Khalilzad has said the United States is seeking an agreement on a cease- fire and on direct talks between the Taliban and the Afghan government before the finalization of any peace deal. Khalilzad on July 9 tweeted congratulations to the participants of the intra-Afghan dialogue: “Afghan society representatives across generations, senior government officials, Taliban – for finding common ground.”
‘Most Productive’ Talks Ever
A joint statement on July 9 by Germany and Qatar, the co-organizers of the intra-Afghan dialogue, said their joint declaration was the “first step to finding an understanding between the conflicting parties.” “They engaged in substantive discussion over the course of two days covering a wide range of issues of common concern to the Afghan people, including rights of women and minorities, a cease-fire, the withdrawal of foreign troops and combatants, and the political future of Afghanistan,” Germany and Qatar said.
“We are very pleased today to reach a joint statement as a first step to peace,” said Mutlaq bin Majid al-Qahtan, the Qatari foreign Ministry’s special envoy for conflict mediation, on July 9. The Afghan-Taliban road map is seen as critical in moving forward toward an overall peace deal.
Khalilzad described the latest round of U.S.-Taliban talks as the “most productive” ever, telling RFE/RL that “a lot of progress” has been made.
In a Twitter message on July 9, Khalilzad said he finished meeting with Taliban negotiators in the morning before he left Qatar for China. One sign of progress was the agreement of Taliban representatives to meet for the first time with Afghan government officials for face-to-face talks under the format of the intra-Afghan dialogue, although Kabul officials participated in a personal rather than official capacity.
The intra-Afghan delegation also included opposition politicians, women, and members of Afghan nongovernmental organizations. The Taliban had previously refused to meet directly with any members of Afghanistan’s government, calling them “Western puppets.”
Fawzia Koofi, a female lawmaker among the intra-Afghan delegates in Qatar, told RFE/RL that their joint declaration with the Taliban “addresses many of the issues and concerns of the [Afghan] people.” Koofi said the sides agreed to the wording of the document on July 8 after about 14 hours of “long and exhaustive” talks.
But Koofi said the Taliban delegates refused to recognize and respect the country’s international commitments, especially related to women’s rights. Nader Nadery, the head of the Afghan government civil service commission and one of the participants, said on Twitter that the intra-Afghan meetings were “an important platform” for Afghans to “voice their grievances, concerns and aspirations.”
“The Taliban heard many stories of pains & destruction, echoed by majority of the participants,” he said. But he said the Taliban delegates did not respond positively to calls for an immediate cease-fire and did not agree to denounce and oust foreign militants from Afghanistan.