Statistical Trends of Terrorism in India 2017
Statistical Trends of Terrorism in India 2017 provided vide the US Department of State. Bureau Of Counterterrorism And Countering Violent Extremism, Country Reports on Terrorism 2017 is as per succeeding paragraphs.
The number of terrorist attacks declined eight percent in India; however, the total number of people killed in terrorist attacks increased 10 percent in 2017. The increase in lethality was particularly a result of increasing numbers of victim deaths, as perpetrator deaths declined 30 percent in 2017.
Despite the increased lethality of terrorism in India, the number of people killed remained relatively low compared to other countries that also experienced a great deal of terrorist violence. On average, terrorist attacks in India caused 0.5 total deaths per attack in 2017, compared to 2.3 deaths per attack worldwide.
Nearly three-quarters of attacks (74%) in India in 2017 were non-lethal. However, there were four attacks in which more than 10 people were killed, compared to two such attacks in 2016. One of the deadliest attacks in India in 2017 took place in January when assailants sabotaged a railway track, causing a train derailment that killed more than 30 people and injured more than 60 others in Andhra Pradesh.
The number of people kidnapped or taken hostage in terrorist attacks in India declined 29 percent, from 317 in 2016 to 224 in 2017.
Information about the perpetrator groups responsible for terrorist attacks in India was reported in source materials for 64 percent of all attacks. Compared to the other countries that experienced the most terrorist attacks and fatalities in 2016, the diversity of perpetrator groups was much greater in India, with 43 active groups. However, more than half of the terrorist attacks carried out in India in 2016 (53%) were attributed to the Communist Party of India-Maoist or Maoist perpetrators not specifically identified as belonging to a particular organization. This statistic represents a decrease from 65 percent in 2016 due to increases in almost entirely non-lethal terrorist violence carried out by other perpetrator groups such as the separatist groups Gorkha Janmukti Morcha (GJM) and Gorkha Liberation Army (GLA).
While bombings remained the most common tactic among terrorist attacks in India, comprising nearly one-third of all attacks (31%), the number of bombing attacks declined from 424 attacks in 2016 to 265 attacks in 2017. In contrast, the number of facility/infrastructure attacks (primarily involving incendiary weapons aimed at causing property damage) increased from 106 attacks in 2016 to 198 attacks in 2017.
More than half of the terrorist attacks in India in 2017 took place in three states: Jammu and Kashmir (25%), Chhattisgarh (15%), and West Bengal (10%). This geographic pattern reflects several key changes, in comparison to 2016:
Jammu and Kashmir saw a 24 percent increase in attacks in 2017 and an 89 percent increase in the number of people killed in terrorist attacks.
West Bengal saw a 215 percent increase in attacks, from six in 2016 to 76 in 2017. Many of these attacks were arson attacks aimed at causing property damage, or bombings that caused relatively few casualties. They were attributed to the GJM and the GLA.
In contrast, the number of terrorist attacks in Jharkhand and Manipur declined in 2017, 15 percent and 33 percent, respectively.