State of LWE Violence in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand | Security Risks Asia Made with Humane Club

State of LWE Violence in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand

Published Jul 08, 2019
Updated Apr 10, 2020

State of Left Wing Extremism in Chhattisgarh

As per a report in the Hitavada, Chhattisgarh the Director General of Police (DGP) D M Awasthi has indicated a significant decline in Left Wing Extremist activities. “Number of Naxals in last few years has declined significantly and areas under Maoists dominance are also shrinking. Around 370 ultras including dreaded cadres were neutralised between 2016 and 6 July 2017 but there is a huge possibility of more casualty on Naxal side,” Director General of Police (DGP) D M Awasthi said. 370 cadres of banned organisation were killed in around 635 encounters took place in Naxal-hit districts between 2016 and July 6, 2017.

2205 Naxals have quit red-movement during the period. 179 security personnel were martyred and 234 civilians have lost their lives in naxal incidents and 66 weapons were looted. 3,394 Maoists were arrested and around 900 weapons  and 935 mines were recovered.

State of LWE Violence Jharkhand

Left Wing Extremism related violence in Jharkhand has significantly declined. The numbers of LWE related incidents and resultant deaths in the State over last three years are as under:-

2016

2017

2018

2019(upto 15.06.2019)

Incidents

Deaths

Incidents

Deaths

Incidents

Deaths

Incidents

Deaths

323

85

251

56

205

43

82

21

Government Policy

To combat the LWE menace in a holistic manner, Government of India formulated a National Policy and Action Plan in January 2015, which envisages a multi pronged approach comprising security measures, development measures, ensuring Rights and Entitlements of local communities etc. MHA is supporting the State Governments extensively by way of deployment of CAPF Battalions, provision of helicopter and UAVs and sanction of India Reserve Bns (IRBs)/Special India Reserve Bns (SIRBs) etc. Funds are provided under Modernisation of Police Force (MPF), Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme and Special Infrastructure Scheme (SIS) for capacity building of State Police, intelligence agencies and Central Armed Police Forces (CAPFs).  Development interventions are made through provision of resources and focused implementation of schemes through line Ministries of the Govt. of India. Significant efforts have been made for improving infrastructure in LWE affected areas.

These include construction of around 11000 km of roads in LWE areas. Of this, 5500 km of roads have already been constructed.  For improving telecom connectivity 2335 mobile towers have been installed and 4072 mobile towers will be installed in the next phase of the project. To provide further impetus to development and fill critical infrastructure gaps, in the most affected LWE districts, funds are provided to the State Governments under “Special Central Assistance Scheme” @ Rs.33.33 crore per annum. The steadfast implementation of the policy has resulted in consistent decline in LWE violence and geographical spread. Violent incidents have declined from a high of 2258 in 2009 to 833 in 2018 in the Country. The resultant deaths have also declined steadily from 1005 in 2010 to 240 in 2018.  The reduction in geographical spread of Left Wing Extremism is evident in decline in number of districts reporting LWE violence to 60 in 2018. The Government has taken steps to enhance sharing of intelligence and improving coordination between the agencies concerned. This was stated by the Minister of State for Home Affairs, Shri G. Kishan Reddy in a written reply to question in the Lok Sabha

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