Security, Transport, Port Meetings MOU Underline Increased India Myanmar Cooperation | Security Risks Asia Made with Humane Club

Security, Transport, Port Meetings MOU Underline Increased India Myanmar Cooperation

Published Oct 27, 2018
Updated Jun 22, 2020

22nd National level meeting India and Myanmar  Underlines Security Cooperation

Both sides agree to deepen cooperation on border security and to curb insurgency The 22nd National Level Meeting between India and Myanmar was held from 25to 26 October, 2018.  The Indian delegation was led by Shri Rajiv Gauba, Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India and the Myanmar delegation was led by Major General Aung Thu, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. During the meeting both sides agreed to take action against insurgent groups operating within their territories. The two countries agreed on providing of security cooperation along with international border and facilitating movement of people and trade across the international border. Both sides agreed to cooperate in preventing smuggling of wildlife and narcotic drugs.  India and Myanmar agreed to strengthen cooperation on international border management including construction of subsidiary pillars to better demarcate the border. The Myanmar delegation also called on Union Home Minister, Shri Rajnath Singh as per Press Information Bureau Release.

India – Myanmar Transport Connectivity

Shri Nitin Gadkari discusses Progress of India – Myanmar Transport Connectivity Projects with his Myanmar Counterpart Mr U Thant Sin Maung. The Union Minister of Road Transport & Highways, Shipping, Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation held a meeting with the Myanmar Minister for Communication and Transport Mr U Thant Sin Maung in New Delhi today to discuss the progress of the ongoing India – Myanmar Transport Connectivity Projects. The two sides discussed the status of the project for upgradation of the Kalewa-Yagyi stretch of the India-Myanmar-Thailand (IMT) Trilateral Highway, starting Imphal-Mandalay bus service and a bilateral Motor Vehicles Agreement between the two countries. The upgradation of the Kalewa-Yagyi stretch of IMT is being executed by National Highways Authority of India. NHAI informed that the project is running well within time and they hope to complete it before the scheduled date of completion.

The two sides also expressed keenness to start the Imphal-Mandalay bus service soon. India and Myanmar had operationalized the Land Border Crossing Agreement earlier this year. The agreement allows nationals from the two countries holding valid passport and visa to cross over without requiring special permission. Now both countries have to select bus operators to run the service. Once the service starts, bus from India will take passengers to Myanmar border where they will transfer to the bus run by Myanmar operator for travelling further into Myanmar. Likewise, India bound Myanmar nationals will transfer into bus run by Indian operator for further travel into India. Both countries expressed their eagerness to further carry forward the process of connectivity by signing a bilateral Motor Vehicles Agreement for seamless movement of cargo and passenger movement. The draft agreement is under discussion and the two sides are keen to finalize it soon. [PIB India Press release]

Myanmar signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with India to appoint a private operator for Sittwe Port. The move is part of the Kaladan Multi Model Transit Transport Project under India’s ambitious Act East Policy. According to the MoU, the private operator will manage the operation and maintenance of a deep-water port in Sittwe, the capital of Rakhine State on the Bay of Bengal, as well as the Paletwa Inland Water Terminal in Chin State and associated facilities that are part of the transport project as per Nan Lwin writing for Irrawaddy.

The link will connect Sittwe seaport to Paletwa in Chin State in Myanmar via the Kaladan River route, and Paletwa to Mizoram State by road to India. 158 km of waterway on the Kaladan River from Sittwe to Paletwa in Myanmar and a 109-km road component from Paletwa to Zorinpui along the India-Myanmar border in Mizoram has been constructed. The project reduces the travel distance from Kolkata to Sittwe by about 1,328 km through the use of waterways, reducing by three or four days the time needed to transport goods through the narrow Siliguri corridor, also known as the “Chicken’s Neck,”  as per Nan Lwin.