Nepal High Anti India Sentiment Over Kalapani Map
Political parties and student organizations have strongly objected to the inclusion of Kalapani in the maps published by Survey of India after reorganisation of former state of Jammu & Kashmir as the new Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir and the new Union Territory of Ladakh on 31st October 2019.
Nepal has issued an objection immediately on release of the Map and there were protests broken out in Kathmandu and other towns in the country.
“The Nepal government firmly believes that the Kalapani is a part of Nepal,” read a press statement issued by the ministry. The ministry said that any unilateral actions along the Nepal-India border will be unacceptable to the Nepal government since the foreign secretaries of the two countries have already been assigned by the Nepal-India Joint Commission to find a solution on the unresolved border disputes in consultation with the border experts.
“The remaining issues related to the border should be resolved in bilateral consensus and any unilateral actions will be unacceptable to the Nepal government,” the press statement said. “The Nepal government is committed to protecting the country’s external borders and it is determined on its principled position that such border disputes with the neighboring countries should be resolved through diplomatic channels after assessing the historical documents, facts, and evidence,” the ministry added.
Political parties as Nepal Workers Peasants Party (NWPP), ruling NCP and the main opposition Nepali Congress along with others as Sajha Party, Bibeksheel Nepali Dal, and Rishi Kattel-led Nepal Communist Party have been raising the ante.
However, the Nepal government after the initial statement has remained quiet. Rajan Bhattarai, Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli’s foreign affairs advisor told media Wednesday that Kalapani and Lipulekh are Nepali territories. “The government will take up the matter with the Indian government. All border disputes need to be resolved through diplomatic channels,” he further said.
The dispute has arisen due to possible change of flow of the Kali River. Nepal claims that the river to the West of Kalapani is the Kali River and hence the boundary between the two countries flows along the same.
As per Wikipedia, the Treaty of Sugauli signed by Kingdom of Nepal and British India on 4 March 1816 indicates that the Kali River is Nepal’s western boundary with India. The physical control of Kalapani is under Indo-Tibetan Border Police since the Sino-Indian War with China in 1962 while the Lipulekh pass through which India China trade passes is also claimed by Nepal.
India Nepal relations saw a new low after Kathmandu alleged that New Delhi had blocked the flow of goods from February to May 2015 objecting to adoption of Constitution by that country which denied rights to the people in Madhes who live on the borders with India.