Nepal Government Focuses on Border Security with India, China
Nepal Government is planning to increase the Border Observation Posts (BOP) on the India and Nepal border. Nepal has 2,926 kms land border with China it is 1,236 km and in India 1,690 km.
The border with India is open under the Indo Nepal Treaty of 1950 which is presently under review and revision. 21 districts bordering with India have minimum one to maximum eight BOPs. Each BOP is manned by at least 35 Armed Police Force (APF) personnel. On the Indian border the BOPs will be increased to 125, up from existing 87. Nepal shares a border of over 1850 km with five Indian states – Sikkim, West Bengal, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand.
The India-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship of 1950 forms the bedrock of the special relations that exist between India and Nepal. Nepalese citizens avail facilities and opportunities on par with Indian citizens in accordance with the provisions of the Treaty. Nearly 6 million Nepalese citizens live and work in India.
In the past India has expressed concerns over Nepal being used by inimical states to launch terrorists and transpose counterfeit currency to India.
On the border with China the plan is to increase the number of BOPs from 2 to 12. There are only two APF outposts — Tatopani and Rasuwagadhi at present.
BOPs will be set up in Olangchunggola (Taplejung), Kimathanka (Sankhuwasabha), Narphu (Manang), Lomanthang (Mustang), Jhangru (Darchula), Kadadhuli (Bajhang), Namkha Hilsa (Humla), Namche Nangla (Mugu) and Buddha Tingle (Dolpa) as well as Misyang Chanki (Manang) and Lapchi (Dolakha).
Movement on the Nepal China boundary is expected to increase in the coming years after the two countries have finalised a protocol on trade and transit in 2018.
The overall nature of the border with China however would render it difficult to have sustained traffic due to mountainous areas which are also suspect to frequent landslides.
There are also concerns in China of migration of Tibetan dissidents to Nepal and thereon to India and other countries thus stringent controls are expected to be implemented,