Naga Peace Accord: The Last Mile Crunch | Security Risks Asia Made with Humane Club

Naga Peace Accord: The Last Mile Crunch

Published Nov 19, 2018
Updated Jun 16, 2020

The Analysis is based on Information Sourced from the Imphal Free Press

In developments that may lead to a final Naga Peace Accord involving groups lodged in India the National Socialist Council of Nagaland’s Khaplang (NSCN-K) the second largest Naga group after the Isaac Muivah (IM) split geographically into the Indian and Myanmar factions. The Myanmar dominant group expelled the Indian born head Khango Konyak who had taken over the leadership in July 2017 after the death of the founder Chairman SS Khaplang in June the same year.

Yung Aung so called defence minister of the group took over NSCN K (Myanmar) expelling the seventy year plus Khango Konyak in August this year (2018). Khango Konyak was allowed to leave the NSCN K camp in the Taga Hills of Sagaing region in Myanmar for India along with his supporters reportedly around 100 plus.

Having moved to Nagaland, the NSCN Khango faction was amenable to a compromise which would be starting with the cease fire.

Government of India has accepted the proposal of the NSCN-K led by Khango to join the peace process. This information was disclosed by Nagaland Gaon Bura Federation (NGBF) acted as the go-between the Government of India and the Khango led NSCN-K. According to the press statement of the NGBF, “consequent upon the meeting, the NSCN/GPRN (NSCN-K) officially endorsed the NGBF to pursue for further issue with the Government of India in order to pave the way for NSCN/GPRN to enter in the ceasefire at the earliest”. The statement further said that, while meeting, the NSCN-K had placed certain conditions to the Government of India for consideration which necessitated for the peace process to resume. NGBF in turn has met Naga peace talk Interlocutor, RN Ravi in New Delhi on November 1 and conveyed the conditions laid by Khango led NSCN-K.

Mr RN Ravi had also reportedly told the NGBF that “the Government of India still stands and welcomes NSCN (K) for peace process”. According to the NGBF, RN Ravi had also told them that “the Government of India has no objection for NSCN (K) to maintain their entity”.“As soon as the NSCN (K) comes into peace process with the Government of India the ban on NSCN (K), ‘terrorist tag’ and ‘bounties’ on its leaders will be automatically removed/closed”, RN Ravi had reportedly told this to the NGBF as per the Imphal Free Press.

RN Ravi is reported to have said, “The Government of India has a commitment to solve the Naga issue with one comprehensive solution”, according to the NGBF. Mr Ravi has been attempting to get all the Naga groups on the same slate.

Meanwhile to mark one year of the signing of “Agreed Position”, the Working Committee (WC) of the Naga National Political Groups (NNPGs), currently negotiating with the government of India, held a thanksgiving programme in New Delhi on 17 November. In one year, the media cell of the NNPG said Government of India and WC have had almost fifty rounds of political negotiations, adding that “every issue is being dealt most diligently in a practical manner.” WC expressed appreciation to the Naga people for their solidarity and prayer support. Speaking at the programme, convener WC and GPRN/NSCN ato kilonser, N Kitovi Zhimomi, reminded the members that “God knows and understands each NNPG leader’s heart irrespective of how sweet and convincing one may sound.”

A solution that is likely to be worked out is the grant of special status for Nagas in Manipur, Assam and Arunachal Pradesh under Article 371 A or 6th schedule. However continued resistance from Manipur and Assam is likely to delay the accord.

How the issue pans out in terms of greater peace in the North East in the long term however remains to be seen given new issues that have cropped up such as the National Register of Citizenship and the Citizenship Bill?