Ministry of Home Affairs Outlines Key Internal Security Achievements in 2019
Highlights of Major Decisions/Initiatives of MHA
Important Bills Passed by Parliament
Jammu and Kashmir – Abrogation of Article 370 and 35A ; The Jammu and Kashmir (Reorganisation) Act, 2019; The Jammu and Kashmir Reservation (Amendment) Act, 2019
National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Act, 2019
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2019
Special Protection Group (Amendment) Bill, 2019 – aims to increase operational efficiency of SPG in ensuring the security of the Prime Minister of India.
Citizenship (Amendment) Bill 2019 – focus on granting Indian Citizenship to persons belonging to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian communities on ground of religious persecution in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh. Marathon deliberations held by Union Home Minister with various stakeholders from North East and their concerns against the CAB 2019 addressed in the final Amendment Act.
Arms (Amendment) Bill, 2019 – enhances the punishment for existing offences like illegal manufacture, sale, transfer and illegal acquiring, possessing or carrying prohibited arms or prohibited ammunition; illicit trafficking of firearms; celebratory gunfire endangering human life. Arms licenses to be issued for 5 years in electronic form, which would prevent forgery. The Amendment would reduce possession of illegal firearms and commission of criminal offences by limiting 2 licenses per person. Ownership of arms by retired and serving personnel of armed forces and sportspersons remains unaffected by the Amendment. Further, Ancestral guns may be retained in a Deactivated State.
Protection of Human Rights (Amendment) Bill, 2019 – to make the constitution of NHRC and SHRCs broader and more inclusive.
Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh
Amarnath Yatra- 3,42,883 yatris had safe and secure Darshan, Higher by nearly 20%, as compared to 2018
Kartarpur Sahib Corridor
Union Cabinet passed a resolution on 22nd November 2018 to celebrate the historic occasion of 550th Birth Anniversary of Sri Guru Nanak Devji in a grand and befitting manner, throughout the country and across the globe. India signed the Kartarpur Sahib Corridor Agreement with Pakistan on 24th October, 2019. Indian pilgrims of all faiths to undertake year-round Visa-free travel to Gurudwara Kartarpur Sahib through Kartarpur Sahib Corridor – a long standing demand of followers of Guru Nanak Dev ji
Action on Terror and Insurgency
National Investigation Agency (Amendment) Act, 2019- NIA empowered with extra territorial jurisdiction for investigation of terrorism related offences taking place outside India, in which Indian property/citizens are victims. The mandate of NIA is expanded by inclusion of new offences viz. explosive substances, human trafficking, manufacturing/sale of prohibited arms and cyber terrorism, to its Schedule
Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Amendment Act, 2019- Central Government empowered to designate individual as terrorist. NIA empowered to seize/forfeit property representing proceeds of terrorism in cases investigated by NIA. After recent amendment, 4 Individuals viz., Maulana Masood Azhar, Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, Zaki ur Rehman Lakhvi and Dawood Ibrahim proscribed as Terrorists.
Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) banned for another five years under sub-sections of UAPA, 1967
Cyber Crime Control
National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal (www.cybercrime.gov.in) launched as a citizen centric initiative to facilitate public for reporting of all types of Cyber Crimes without visiting Police Station. The complaints reported on this portal are accessible online to the law enforcement agencies of respective States/UTs for taking appropriate action as per law
12th India Security Summit on ‘Towards New National Cyber Security Strategy’ held in New Delhi
Left Wing Extremism (LWE)
Incidents of LWE violence down from 2258 in 2009 to 833 in 2018, Number of deaths dropped from 1005 in 2009 to 240 in 2018, Districts affected by naxal violence reduced from 96 in 2010 to 60 in 2018
Smart Fencing – Union Home Minister launched BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique) under Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) on Indo-Bangladesh border in Dhubri district of Assam, as an effective deterrence against illegal infiltration. Two pilot projects covering about 71 Kms on Indo-Pakistan Border (10 Kms) and Indo-Bangladesh Border (61 Kms) of Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS) have been completed.
Focus North East
National Register of Citizens (NRC), Assam published on 31.08.2019, A machinery created for detection and deportation of illegal immigrant, , ‘In-principle’ approval given for setting up of 1000 additional Foreigners Tribunals (FTs), ‘In-principle’ approval given to Assam Government for creation of e-FT platform (estd. cost – Rs. 99 crores)
Government of India, Government of Tripura & National Liberation Front of Twipra led by Sabir Kumar Debbarma (NLFT-SD) sign Memorandum of Settlement. NLFT (SD) to abjure path of violence, join mainstream and abide by Constitution of India. Agreed to surrender 88 cadres with their weapons. Cadres to get surrender benefits as per the Surrender-cum-Rehabilitation Scheme, 2018
International Coalition for Disaster Resilient Infrastructure (CDRI)- launched by Prime Minister during the UN Climate Action Summit in New York on 23rd September, 2019. Knowledge exchange platform on different aspects of disaster and calamity resilience of infrastructure. Assist countries for Infrastructure Development based on risk context and economic needs
India hosted SCOJtEx-2019 for the 1st time. Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Joint Exercise (SCOJtEx)-2019 on Urban Earthquake Search & Rescue organized in New Delhi. Home Minister chaired 10th Meeting of Heads of Departments of SCO Member States, dealing with the prevention and Elimination of Emergency Situations. SCOJtEx to facilitate collective preparedness & building a common understanding of internationally recognized procedures to co-ordinate post-earthquake responses. This joint exercise with SCO member states to be helpful in developing personal understanding amongst counterpart teams to tackle any disaster situation
India hosted 1st International Conference on ‘Landslides Risk Reduction and Resilience’ in New Delhi.
Increasing Age of Retirement of CAPFs Personnel to 60 years
National Police University (NPU)- ‘In-Principle’ approval given for establishing NPU
Two day National Conference on ‘Criminal Activities and Radicalization in Jails: Vulnerability of Inmates and Jail Staff and their Protection’ organized by Bureau of Police Research & development (BPR&D)
Step towards building a SMART Police force – Citizen Centric Service to strengthen proactive community policing
MHA has sanctioned Rs. 100 crores from Nirbhaya Fund for setting up/strengthening of Women Help Desks in Police Stations, with a view of making police stations more women friendly and approachable.
National Launch of Private Security Agency Licensing Portal- Online portal to ensure transparency in licensing in Private Security sector and give a boost to its credibility. Initiative to give a pan-India profile to the online licensing process – boost employment opportunities in the sector
India and Uzbekistan signed Security Cooperation Agreement, MoU between India and Indonesia on combating illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs, psychotropic substances and its precursors, MoUs signed between India and Saudi Arabia in the field of combating illicit trafficking and smuggling of Narcotic Drugs, Psychotropic Substances and Chemical Precursors, MoU signed between India and Myanmar on bilateral cooperation for Prevention of Trafficking in Persons, MoU between India and USA to access tip line reports on Missing and Exploited Children
[As Received from MHA Press Release]