Maoists Offensive Profile in Campaigning Season 2019 | Security Risks Asia Made with Humane Club

Maoists Offensive Profile in Campaigning Season 2019

Published Jun 02, 2019
Updated Apr 15, 2020

Intelligence reports suggest Left Wing Extremists have increased the level of violence in the country. The Maoists are regrouping mainly in four States —Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Jharkhand and Maharashtra.

The major attacks during Elections in Dantewada and Gadchiroli were manifestations of the same.

Maoists have adopted an offensive strategy after Nambala Keshav Rao, alias Basavaraju was appointed general secretary of the banned Communist Party of India (Maoist) in November 2018. He replaced the ageing Ganapathy who was seen more of a ideologue rather than a military commander. Basavaraju on the other hand is focused on tactical operations.

“The Maoists have changed their strategy after Rao took charge. They are focusing on IEDS and not engaging themselves in gunfights. Since last year, every major attack was carried out using IEDS because they are safe and we have no strategy to contain them. The only way to stop IED blasts is to follow the rules of the road in the jungle, which was not followed in Gadchiroli’s case,” intelligence officers were quoted by the Hindustan Times.

The improvised explosive device (IED) blast in Maharashtra’s North Gadchiroli that killed 15 security personnel and a driver on 01 May is said to be the handiwork of Maoist cadres from neighbouring Chhattisgarh’s South Bastar region.

The area of attack borders Dandakaranya and the Maoists’ Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh (MMC) zone. “It is a well-planned attack in which company number four of North Gadchiroli… Maoists played a major role.

We have information that some hardcore [Maoist] cadres from South Bastar were also in this part [Gadchiroli] for the last few days,” an intelligence officer posted in this zone was quoted by the Hindustan Times

Younger leaders of Maoists from South Bastar and Gadhchiroli areas have regrouped over the last few months and they could be behind the attack. “Usually in this TCOC [tactical counter offensive campaign] period Maoists coordinate and unite to attack the security forces.

In this attack, a trap was laid by setting ablaze the vehicles in that area which increased the movement of security forces. The cadres of two or three divisions could be behind the attack,” an intelligence officer was quoted by the media.

The Maoists are operating with impunity in the Dandakarayana zone spread across the borders of Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra and Odisha. Dandakaranya has been divided into nine divisions, each comprising three to five area committees.

Every area committee is composed of several local organisational squads and local guerrilla squads. North Gadchiroli – covers one of the nine divisions of the Maoists in Dandakaranya. The MMC is receiving increasing attention as the rebels see security gaps in this zone whereas the presence of large number of forces has limited operations in other areas.