Manipur CORCOM sends message on Khongjom Day
On the arrival of ‘Khongjom Day’ which falls on April 23, the proscribed umbrella organisation CORCOM has stated that the organisation pays its highest respects to the martyrs who laid down their lives at several battle fields during the Anglo-Manipuri war, 1891.
A release signed by media coordinator, LeibakNgaakpa Luwang stated that the organisation also pays homage to the roles which the martyred leaders had taken during the war. The exceptional bravery and courage shown by Manipuris during the Anglo-Manipuri war, 1891 will be freshly recalled on the arrival of Khongjom Day, it said.
A handful of Manipuri soldiers, in order to defend the freedom of its motherland, fearlessly fought against the mighty British Empire, it stated. “It would be a matter of great honour and pride for the Manipuris to be able to follow the footsteps of the leaders and sacrifice our souls for the motherland,” it added.
With the changes that occurred in geo-politics from the year 1885, the British Indian Empire had started making attempts to reach its grasp into the then Kingdom of Manipur, it said. In September 1891, taking advantage of a political scuffle that occurred within the monarch, the British India was finally able to get directly involved into the administration of the Kingdom, it stated.
The people who were against the move, revolted an led to the killing of chief commissioner, Assam, J.W. Quinton and British political agent, C. Grimwood and other officials on March 25, 1891. As a result, the Anglo-Manipur (Kangleipak) War-1891 took place where Manipuris suffered a defeat and the Kingdom came under the rule of the British Empire, it added.
What needs to be analysed here, is the immediate political status of the region before the war took place, it said. Though the war was fought for a limited period of time, its tales spread far and wide across the globe and took attention of the citizens of the world. The matter was seriously discussed at the houses of the British Parliament, it added.
When looking into the international relations that existed between British Empire and Burma during that time, it has been ascertained that Kangliepak (Manipur) existed as an independent nation in Asia, it continued.
The release further said that in the year 1762, Manipur went into a relationship with the British for the first time by signing the Treaty of Alliance. By signing the Treaty of Yandaboo with the British and Burmese government, Kangliepak (Manipur) was recognised as a sovereign independent nation, it said.
It was agreed in the treaty that both the British and Burmese government will stay away from the territorial integrity and political independence of Manipur, it said.
The release further said the Pemberton Report which was submitted to the British authorities in the year 1835 mentioned that Manipur is a sovereign state existing between Assam and Burma, and it holds an important place.
Calcutta High Court announced concerning the Keifa Singh case, 1865 and Sajowpa case 1867 that Manipur is an ‘Asiatic Sovereign Power,’ it further said.
In the year 1873, a statement issued by R. Brown to the Statistical Account of Manipur stated that Manipur has become an independent nation after the Burmese invasion.
The release further said that in August 14, 1947, Manipur Constitution Act was implemented and its self government started functioning. Looking back into the history of Manipur, it can be concluded that Kangleipak (Manipur) never had any relationship with India.