KNO appeals to CM to exclude Kuki ancestral lands from NSCN-IM ‘framework agreement’
The Kuki National Organisation (KNO) has appealed to the chief minister, N. Biren Singh for the non-inclusion of the ‘Kuki ancestral lands’ in the NSCN (IM) ‘Framework Agreement.’
A memorandum signed by president, Kuki National Organisation, (PS Haokip) laid out the historical account of specific areas namely Chassad (Kmjong), Laijang (Tamenglong), Mongkotjang (Noney) and Phoibung (Senapati) and appealed the CM for examination.
In regard to the Kuki and Naga boundary issue, the memorandum requested the CM to ensure facts, based on legal documentation of land ownership rights and history, are taken into account.
“In AD 33, two Kuki chiefs, Kuki Achouba and Kuki Ahongba were allies of Pakhangba, the Meitei king. Khaba-Nangba, the younger twin brothers of Nongba Lairen Pakhangba contested the right to ascend the throne. Having failed, the brothers fled to the Highlands, the abode of Kuki, known to Meitei as Chingburoi. The descendants of Khaba-Nganba settled at Hundung Khullen and Hundung Khonou and Ningthi, which is in Kamjong district,” it informed.
The memorandum stated that in 1985, NSCN (IM) and PLA met at Hundung, where they feasted and exchanged gifts. “For the record, our Meitei brothers must not confuse Tangkhul and the descendants of Khaba- Nganba. Tangkhul people are from Somra Tract in Myanmar (Burma) and are a different ethnic entity from Meitei and Kuki,” it further informed.
Hundung Khullen, Hundung Khunou and Ningthi constitute Kamjong, land of Chingburoi, where Khaba-Ngaba settled, it stated.
These areas must not be included in the NSCN (IM) and Government of India ‘framework agreement’ and become part of Nagalim, it added.
Besides the New Kukis, the other kindred Old Kuki clans people of Chassad are Mongmi and Kharan (both ethnically Maring), Lairam (Lai people) and Kharam, it further said. The Tangkhul people from Somra Tract in present-day Myanmar (Burma) often raided Mongmi, Kharan, Kamo, Lairam (Lai people) and Kharam, who were then protected by the chief of Chassad and received tax and tributes, it continued.
The memorandum included the names of 29 kharan dialect speaking villages, 18 mongmi dialect speaking villages, 29 kharan dialect speaking villages, 9 mongmi dialect speaking villages of Kangpokpi and Ukhrul districts, and 18 lairam dialect speaking villages of Ukhrul and Tenngnoupal districts.
The memorandum further informed that the Zeimi, Liangmei, Rongmei and Paomei people, who comprise Zealienrong of present-day Tamenglong are of ethnic Kuki-Chin stock. In days gone by, the Sukte Poi and Lusei people of Chin Hills and present-day Mizoram drove them to Churachandpur, Tamenglong and Sinjol, Sailhem and Bombal villages of Peren district of Nagaland, it added.
The Kuki chiefs, prominently Pu Jamchungnung Singson chief of Khongjang and his son Pu Ngullen Singson; chief of Jampi, and chief of Laijang fought back Sukte Poi and Lusei, and gave shelter to Zealiengrong people and settled them in Kuki ancestral land, and received tax and tributes, it further stated. Pu Manga Singson narrated the bravery of his grandfather, the Chief of Khongjang, whose army consisted of 80 strong bachelors aged 50 years, plus hundreds of young men, it further said adding they fought the Suhte Poi and Lusei people at Galkapkot, situated in south Churachandpur district of Manipur.
“Over the years, however, generations of Zealiengrong that followed, not recalling the relations with Kukis resented the practice of tax and tributes, and were loyal to the British in the Anglo-Kuki War, 1917-1919. Later, they became instruments of NSCN (IM) against Kukis and demanded tax. Nevertheless, just as oil and water cannot mix, they soon realised that they are not secure under NSCN (IM) and to assert their independence formed the Zealienrong United Front,” it said.
According to Pu Ngurdola, in Tripura, the Langrong, Ranglong or Chorai Kukis are known as Zealiengrong in Tamenglong and Noney districts of Manipur, Peren district of Nagaland and North Cachar Hills in Assam, it added.
It further stated that given the fact that Zealiengrong are ethnic Kuki-Chin group, Noney district and Tamenglong district must not be included in the NSCN (IM) framework agreement. They must remain a part of Manipur, it added.
The memorandum also mentioned that the Paomei people of Senapati (formerly Phoibung) are also part of the Kuki-Chin group, like Zealienrong. The Suhte Poi and Lushei (Mizo) also forced them out, but the Kuki chiefs fought back them and settled the Paomei in Kuki ancestral land known as Phoibung, which was changed to Senapati, it said. The people of village Yangkholen in Senapati district are Tuboi Kuki, it informd. The wave of Nagaisation led to forced assimilation of Paomei and Tuboi Kuki to Naga, it stated. Their lands are part of Kuki ancestral lands, it added.