Jharkhand and Bihar- Profile of Naxalism Update
Jharkhand government has deployed 22 battalions of Central Para Military Forces (CPMF), whereas Bihar has 9.5 battalions in the counter Naxal role.
The Election Commission has allotted 200 companies of central forces to Jharkhand for each phase of polling and 150 to Bihar. Thus the two states could conduct general elections relatively smoothly. In Bihar 26 or the 38 districts have Maoist presence.
Jharkhand has 19 of the 90 Naxal affected districts in the country with 13 of these also among the 30 most severely affected as per the Inspector General of Police (Operations), Ashish Batra quoted by the PTI
19 Naxals have been killed in the first four months of 2019 as against 36 in 2018. There were also 21 encounters this year against 68 in 2018 as per Batra.
Officials in Jharkhand estimate that 500 Maoists are active in the State.
The Maoists are able to exploit the forested and hilly terrain on the Jharkhand Bihar border thus they will continue to pose a major threat as per the police appreciation.
In Bihar similar terrain facilitates their operations in the Gaya-Aurangabad axis in southern Bihar and along the Jamui-Munger-Banka-Lakhisarai axis.
Thus it is not surprising that 90 per cent of the CPMF are deployed on Jharkhand border in the districts of Bihar – Gaya, Aurangabad, Jamui, Munger, Lakhisarai, Nawada, Rohtas and Bhabhua.