Insurgencies in Northeast curbed : Manipur Governor Najma Heptulla
A seminar on ‘Changing Security Paradigm in North East – Implications and Imperatives’ was organised by Assam Rifles in association with Research Centre for Eastern and North Eastern Regional Studies, Kolkata at City Convention on Thursday. Speaking as the chief guest, governor Najma Heptulla said armed insurgency around the entire region of Northeast has been gradually decreasing for the last decade, which is the result of the adoption of several security policies and measures. She said issues of armed insurgency, which used to be the core theme of security policies, are dwindling in the Northeast region with the apparent shift of security policy of this region to anti-insurgency. There is a more liberal approach to security with a greater focus on peace, development and cooperation to achieve stability at regional, national as well as global level, she added. She further stated the insurgency problem of the State is reducing, although, it is still witnessing various other forms of crime. Loots, extortions, arson, destruction of properties, subversive activities committed by unknown miscreants and loss of human lives are some common crimes in the State, she named.
She said NSCN (I-M) has active involvement in extortion and other criminal activities in Manipur, although, it is under ceasefire with the government of India. Similarly, the UG outfits belonging to Kuki, Hmar, Paite and other tribes, which have entered into Suspension of Operation (SoO) are also found involved in incidents of extortions. Cases of extortion have also been reported against the valley-based UG outfits which have entered into a memorandum of understanding with the government, she pointed out.She said Manipur has been facing problems of insurgency since the 1970s, which was further reinforced after the formation of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) in the year 1978. However, the State had already witnessed Naga underground movement in the hill districts. Since then, the number of UG outfits have increased manifold, creating serious uncertainty and tension on account of the deaths and destruction unleashed by their act of terrorism. The state is still enduring its ill impact till date, she added.
She said the Assam Rifles personnel extended immense effort to contain the subversive and violent acts of various UG outfits at the long porous International border of 398 km with Myanmar and lauded their role in tackling insurgency problems in Northeast region. Their tireless, sacrificial spirit deserves appreciation by one and all, she concluded. Director general Assam Rifles, Lt Gen Sukhdeep Sangwan in the function said Northeast India is the fulcrum of India; it is the gateway of India to South-East Asian countries. Since the present generation is regarded as an age of the Asian Century, Northeast states can play a pivotal role in bringing development in the country. The current international border porous issue has to be dealt with effectively by the authority concerned, he added. The programme was attended by several high ranking Army and Assam Rifles officials, students and media personalities. The seminar was divided into two sessions in which topics on ‘North East Region Security Environment and Challenges’ and ‘Act East Policy 2.0 and Border Management’ were discussed thoroughly. [IFP Report]