India’s neighbourhood is traditionally countries in South Asia comprising of Afghanistan, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka and Maldives with Myanmar in the North East linking with South East Asia
Sri Lanka geo-strategically significant regarded as pearl of Indian Ocean on the sea lines of communication between West Asia and East and South East Asia has emerged from defeat of the LTTE in 2009 undergoing a transition to stability challenged by the Easter Sunday terrorist attack in 2019
Nepal has emerged as a republican democracy through decades of political struggle including a left wing insurgency. Sandwiched between Asian giants India and China, political, security and economic developments in Nepal are of significance for security and stability in relations with the two key neighbours.
Myanmar, a republic in South-East Asia on the edge with South Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China; on the east by China, Laos, and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India.
Maldives is a nation of islands in the Indian Ocean, that spans across the equator. The country is comprised of 1192 islands that stretch along a length of 871 kilometers. While the country covers an area of approximately 90,000 square kilometers, only 298 square kilometers of that is dry land. The islands are grouped into a double chain of 26 atolls.
Bhutan is a small Himalayan kingdom located between China and India. Ancient stone implements and other archaeological findings indicate that there were settlements in the country dating back to 2000 B.C.
Bangladesh is Located in the north-eastern part of South Asia. The Himalayas stand some distance to the north, while in the south lays the Bay of Bengal. West Bengal borders on the west and in the east lies the hilly and forested regions of Tripura, Mizoram (India) and Myanmar.
Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South Asia that borders China, Iran, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
The geography of Afghanistan is arid and mountainous; the Hindu Kush Mountains run northeast to southwest and divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country.