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India Nepal Boundary Issue – Strong Reactions Continue in Kathmandu

Published Dec 23, 2019
Updated Feb 05, 2020

After the government, the parliament and civil society, the Supreme Court of Nepal is reacting to the Indo Nepal boundary issue based on a petition
Prime Minister KP Oli however asserted that the government is making efforts to protect Nepali territories including Kalapani, Lipulekh and Limpiyadhura by demanding rectification of the political map recently issued by India.

Prime Minister Oli in his written reply to the apex court has stated that the Courtdoes not need to issue any order against the government because the government is making diplomatic efforts to reclaim Limpiyadhura, Kalapani and Lipulekh which he asserted are Nepali territories situated in the eastern part of the Kali (Mahakali) river.

Meanwhile Nepal government is increasing the number of border outposts to 221 from existing 107 under the Armed Police Forcefor strengthening security and curbing cross-border crime.

As per Wikpedia, India–Nepal share a 1,758 km long border includes the Himalayan territories as well as Indo-Gangetic Plain. The current shape was established after the Sugauly treaty of 1816 between Nepal and the British Raj.

Following Indian independence, the current border was recognized as the border between Nepal and Republic of India.

At present there is a major dispute that has caught attention in Kathmandu which has been irked by the display of Kalapani as Indian territory in a map published by Survey of India.

At the same time Indian and Nepali nationals do not need passports or visas to enter each other’s countries, tens of thousands of people cross the border every day for tourism and shopping.

The Indian side of the border is regulated by Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) along with local police.

The Nepali side of the border is regulated by the Armed Police Force (APF) along with the local branch of Nepal Police.

Often SSB (India) and APF (Nepal) perform joint patrols on the border. Nepal is now set to increase the number of border posts possibly to check crime as well as establish a firm control over the border.