India Military Satellites Launch Planned in 2019
After a relatively slow start in launch of military satellites India is now fast catching up. The reasons for the slow start are well established. One of the factors was sanctions and restrictions imposed by the major space powers so to say the United States and Russia (Soviet Union) from time to time mainly in terms of providing technology for launch vehicles.
However contributions of these nations particularly Russia (Soviet Union) in developing India’s space capabilities in general in the civil spectrum remains substantial. The denial of technologies prevented the deployment of heavy satellites which can carry military payload.
These inhibitions are now removed and India’s stated capabilities are to launch up to 2 tonnes by the Geo-Stationery Launch Vehicle (GSLV) The Year 2019 may see a large number of satellites launched for military use.
On the plans for the launch of military satellites in 2019 apart from the MicroSAT used as a target for the ASAT test on 27 March and the EMISAT launched on 01 April, First Post reports that four RISAT and an advance Cartosat 3 will be launched
RISAT 2 B is proposed to be launched on 15 May followed by RISAT-2BR1 in July, RISAT-2BR2 in October and RISAT-1A in November reports First Post.
The deployment of these satellites is essential as the RISAT 1 has outlived its life.
Cartosat 3 is proposed to be deployed specifically for the armed forces with advanced remotes sensing tools with, “better spatial range and resolution.”
Capabilities will include multiple different spectra: panchromatic (captures all visible colours of light), multispectral (captures light within specific ranges in the electromagnetic spectrum) and hyperspectral (captures light from across the electromagnetic spectrum) earth observation mission says First Post quoting the Hindu.
Geospatial World reports that Cartosat-3 is, “an advanced agile satellite to obtain panchromatic and multispectral imagery with an operational life of 5 years. The payload has the capability of imaging with 0.25m GSD in panchromatic and 1m GSD in four-band multispectral modes with a swath of 16km. Many new technologies/elements are being developed like highly agile structural platform, payload platform, higher rate data handling and transmission systems, advanced onboard computer and new power electronics, dual gimbal antenna, etc”.