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India and Brazil to Explore New Possibilities of Defence Cooperation

Published Jan 26, 2020
Updated Feb 29, 2020

The President of Brazil, Jair Bolsonaro, was on a State visit to India from 24-27 January. The joint statement signed by the leaders of the two countries on 25 January -Action Plan to Strengthen the Strategic Partnership Between India and Brazil underlined the following security mechanisms – Establishment of a Joint Defence Committee; and Joint Committee on Cyber Security.

The goals outlined were as follows as per the joint statement – To intensify meetings of Armed Forces officials from both countries to explore new possibilities for cooperation and exchange; To encourage greater collaboration between the respective defence industrial bases, including through the consolidation of the Joint Working Group on Defence Industrial Cooperation established within the Joint Defence Committee; To implement the Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in the area of Cyber Security; and To work together with a view to conclude an agreement regarding cooperation in combating international terrorism and transnational organized crime.

Brazil and India have signed a bilateral ‘Defence Cooperation Agreement’ in 2003 that calls for cooperation in defence related matters, especially in the field of Research and Development, acquisition and logistic support between the two countries.

The agreement calls for cooperation in defence related matters, especially in the field of Research and Development, acquisition and logistics support, military training and exercises between the two countries. Subsequently, Defence Wing was established in the Embassy of India, Brasilia on 24 December 2007 and Brazil opened its Defence Wing in the Embassy of Brazil, New Delhi on 14 April 2009.

Under the framework of the agreement, a ‘Joint Defence Committee (JDC)’ has been set-up that meets at regular interval. The 4th JDC meeting was held on 16-18 Jun 2015 in Brazil, and the 5th JDC was held during 27-29 November 2017 in New Delhi.The 6th JDC meeting was held in February 2019 in Brasilia.

During the visit of President Jair Bolsonaro the two countries have decided to explore possibilities of collaboration.

India and Brazil have a Joint Defense Committee under which we have had a number of rounds of discussions. At the last round of discussions it was agreed to set up a joint working group on defense industrial production. A Brazilian delegation is expected to participate in the Defex, which is in February in Lucknow.

The first meeting of the Joint Working Commission (JWC) on Defence Industrial Cooperation and urged officials from both sides to work in the areas to be identified for cooperation by the JWC.

Regular interactions between exchanges in training, operational and conceptual areas of mutual interest and resolved to strengthen it further is planned. The maritime exercise IBSAMAR has contributed to enhancing maritime security.

The two leaders reiterated as well as exchange of information on peace keeping operations of the United Nations and have expressed their intention to further strengthen the coordination between the Brazilian Peace Operations Joint Training Centre and the Indian Centre for UN Peacekeeping. They also agreed to explore possible cooperation in the areas such as cyber-defence and defence systems, among others.

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