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Human Development Index Rankings & Key Parameters 2018

Published Oct 14, 2018
Updated Jul 01, 2020

UNDP’s Human Development Index (HDI) is said to capture human progress, combining information on people’s health, education and income in just one number. Over the years, the HDI has served as a comparative tool of excellence, and as a reliable platform for vigorous public debates on national priorities says the UNDP. With its comprehensive statistical annex, the UNDP data gives an overview of the state of development across the world, looking at long-term trends in human development indicators across multiple dimensions and for every nation. These are summarised for South Asia as per Table

Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard of living.[i]

 Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infant’s life.

Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child’s life.

Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world, converted to international dollars using PPP rates, divided by midyear population.

Country

Human Development Index (HDI)

Life expectancy at birth

Expected years of schooling

Mean years of schooling

Gross national income (GNI) per capita

HDI rank

2018

Afghanistan

0.498

64.0

10.4

3.8

1,824

168

Bangladesh

0.608

72.8

11.4

5.8

3,677

136

Bhutan

0.612

70.6

12.3

3.1

8,065

134

India

0.640

68.8

12.3

6.4

6,353

130

Myanmar

0.578

66.7

10.0

4.9

5,567

148

Nepal

0.574

70.6

12.2

4.9

2,471

149

Pakistan

0.562

66.6

8.6

5.2

5,311

150

Sri Lanka

0.770

75.5

13.9

10.9

11,326

76

[i]

See Technical note 1 at https://hdr.undp.org/sites/default/files/hdr2018_technical_notes.pdf for details on how the HDI is calculated.

Country

Human Development Index (HDI)

Life expectancy at birth

Expected years of schooling

Mean years of schooling

Gross national income (GNI) per capita

HDI rank

2018

Afghanistan

0.498

64.0

10.4

3.8

1,824

168

Bangladesh

0.608

72.8

11.4

5.8

3,677

136

Bhutan

0.612

70.6

12.3

3.1

8,065

134

India