DRDO Indian Navy Maritime Domain Awareness System | Security Risks Asia Made with Humane Club

DRDO Indian Navy Maritime Domain Awareness System

Published Jan 16, 2019
Updated May 18, 2020


India’s 7,500 km long coastline covers approximately 1200 islands,9 coastal  states and 4 Union territories, with an EEZ which extends up to 200 nm, which translates into an area roughly equal to India’s continental landmass. With India’s economic resurgence, maritime trade and the exploration/exploitation of its marine assets are emerging as the key drivers of India’s growth necessitating effective surveillance and monitoring  of the coast and blue waters to keep the nation secure and economically strong.

Directorate of Net Centric Operations (DNCO), Indian Navy, envisioned National Maritime Domain Awareness (MDA) System for collaboration and exchange of information among the security forces and the myriad agencies associated with the maritime  domain to achieve greater transparency in marine environment, to eradicate anomalies and irregularities that occur in the domain. The national MDA process operates on the principles of net-centricity integrating all domestic, public and private maritime stake- holders as well as international efforts and stimulates the process of collective response.

DRDO and Indian Navy are working jointly for the  development  of  MDA  in phased manner. MDA system comprises an automated and integrated information system for naval field forces as the central hub of the Navy’s Network Centric Operations (NCO). The objective of the MDA is to provide comprehensive situational picture by collecting, collating and disseminating surveillance and intelligence inputs from various sensors and external systems.

Work content

The  system  networks  integrates  all the external systems and sensors available such as GPS, COTS Radars, AIS, ESM, Color Tactical Display (CTD), ELTA, MSIS, BIUS, UAV at shore establishments and onboard sensors of mobile platforms (ships, submarine and aircraft) and other information systems deployed/available with Indian Navy into one common grid.

Each and every unit is available online at all the times and combined picture being created by the geographically dispersed sensors collectively provides the navy with an enhanced awareness of the maritime  picture.  This  picture is further enhanced by integrating the inputs from sensors of other agencies associated with the maritime domain.

The Common Operational Picture (COP) displays position of Indian Navy war ships and is used for monitoring   of merchant ships (Indian as well as foreign origin), foreign war ships, aircraft and sub-surface tracks with detailed information regarding voyage data. It facilitates the end user  to assess the battlefield situation with better appreciation of the operational scenario and enables the commanders for informed decision making. It also provides tools and utilities to facilitate data analysis, tactical operations and naval exercises. System has DSS tools to detect anomalies and irregularities based on the user defined validation criteria and highlight the same to the user to enable effective and timely action. The solution provided also caters for communication security and information security in locations where MDA nodes are deployed.

Salient Features

? Near real-time Common Operational Picture for the shore units of Indian Navy and mobile platforms spread across the globe.

?  High    performance     algorithms for track transmission, fusion, clustering and compression to handle high volume of tracks.

? Near real-time dissemination of analysed information.

? Custom geographical information system suitable for surveillance, tracking of targets and planning of tactical operations.

 ? System is developed based on the solution, which ensures rugged, reconfigurable, scalable and maintainable architecture.

“An information network connected to the warhead, which possibly includes satellites, ground and naval radar in addition to radar on the missile itself, will constantly update the location of a moving target, informing flight control where to guide the missile,” a Beijing-based military expert who requested anonymity told the Global Times on Sunday.

Already in service with the PLA Rocket Force, the DF-26 can carry conventional or nuclear warheads and is capable of launching precision strikes on land targets or medium and large vessels at sea, said Chinese Ministry of National Defense spokesperson Wu Qian at a routine press conference in April 2018.

However, many foreign military experts and media doubted the missile’s capability to fulfill its claimed role.

US media outlet CNN quoted Carl Schuster, a former US Navy captain, as saying in January that no military has ever successfully developed an anti-ship ballistic missile and using one would also require practice launches, which China has shown no evidence of having done.

The recent exercise is an example of practiced launches, said Song.

The DF-26 is said to have an effective range of 4,500 kilometers, and could reach US naval bases in Guam in the western Pacific, china.com reported.