Despite Detente India Wary of North Korea Pakistan Proliferation
In the first official reaction to the inter-Korean Summit meeting held in Pyongyang on September 18-20, 2018, Indian Ministry of External Affairs in a Press release on 20 September stated that, India welcomes the meeting and supports, “all such efforts to bring about peace and stability in the Korean Peninsula through dialogue and diplomacy”.
Indian statement also indicated that it hopes the engagement will lead to reduction of tensions and a lasting peace and reconciliation on the Korean Peninsula.
The Pyeongyang Joint Declaration of September 2018 with reference to nuclear proliferation states, “The two sides shared the view that the Korean Peninsula must be turned into a land of peace free from nuclear weapons and nuclear threats, and that substantial progress toward this end must be made in a prompt manner”.
North and South Korea also agree to, “to cooperate closely in the process of pursuing complete denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula”.
Towards this end North Korea will, “permanently dismantle the Dongchang-ri missile engine test site and launch platform under the observation of experts from relevant countries”.
Satisified with these developments, in an oblique reference to the Pakistan North Korea (Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea or DPRK) nuclear axis the Indian Ministry of External statement also added that India hopes the ongoing detente will address, “concerns about proliferation linkages extending to India’s neighbourhood”.
India support comprehensive verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation objective US President Donald Trump North. https://t.co/uC3gbVP3di #InternationalDayOfPeace #FridayFeeling #Friday #NorthKorea #SOUTHKOREA @presidentmoon2 @KimJongNumberUn @MOFAkr_eng @MEAIndia @MEAQuery
— SecurityRisksAsia (@SecRisksAsia) September 21, 2018
India’s concerns arise due to the Nuclear & Missile Technology swap between North Korea and Pakistan which first came to light in 2004. During his tenure at Khan Research Laboratories, Pakistan’s uranium-enrichment facility at Kahuta, Pakistan Nuclear Scientist A Q Khan is reported to have sold gas-centrifuge technology to facilitate nuclear enrichment to North Korea.
In return, North Korea reportedly provided Pakistan with ballistic-missile parts,
India’s concerns on the North Korea Pakistan nuclear-missile axis can be well understandable. Thus New Delhi has resisted pressures from Washington from time to time to completely break off relations with Pyongyang and maintains a small embassy in the North Korean capital.
In May this year, immediately after the first meeting between President Moon and North Korea leader Kim Jong un Indian Minister of State for External Affairs General Dr. V.K. Singh (Retd.) made an official visit to DPRK from 15 to 16 May 2018, one of the few high level visits to that country presently under stringent UN sanctions.
Thus India will support a full scale comprehensive verifiable and irreversible denuclearisation which is an objective of the US President Donald Trump in engaging with the North.
The issue also found mention in the recent Indo US 2 + 2 Dialogue held in New Delhi on 06 September which stated, “India welcomed the recent U.S.-North Korea summit. The two sides pledged to work together to counter North Korea’s weapons of mass destruction programs and to hold accountable those countries that have supported them”.