Data Int Report: Afghanistan Violence – Jan – May 2019
Month wise compilation recorded by Pajhwok News an Afghan news site denotes that in the first five months of 2019, more than nearly 8,600 people suffered casualties.
This is a drop by 16 percent compared to 2018 and 10 percent compared to the same period of 2017. Thus there is a reduction in violence per se year on year.
February saw the lowest level of violence in the past two years a drop of 43 percent which was attributed to the ongoing peace talks.
However month on month the number of casualties have greatly increased which is a cause for concern.
The reasons for the spike could be related to the beginning of the campaigning season when the Afghan forces as well as the Taliban have launched Operations named Khalid and Fatah respectively.
While in May Ramazan was expected to be more peaceful with an appeal for cease fire made by the Government which was not responded to by the Taliban.
Ministry of Defense has launched vigorous operations under Acting Defence Minister Asadullah Khalid, while violence may increase in the coming months with activities for the Presidential elections likely to see a spike.
There was an increase in the number of attacks by Afghan security forces by 20 % in May.
The provinces of Nangarhar , Faryab , Helmand and Kandahar , Ghazni and Jawzjan have seen maximum violence in 2019 so far.
There has been no violence in Bamyan, Nuristan and Panjsher.
Kabul saw a spike in violence in May and the trend is continuing in June.
Here is a survey of the violence month wise May to January 2019
1,317 people were killed and 995 others injured in attacks in 30 provinces in May
1,072 people were killed and 792 others injured in attacks in 29 out of 34 provinces
945 killed and 602 others wounded.
392 people killed and 653 injured. Civilian Protection Advocacy Group (CPAG) report, 106 civilians killed and 59 injured, thus a majority could be the security forces and the Taliban.
Pajhwok Afghan News reports show February was the only month in the last two years when casualties fell and no suicide attacks happened, with the casualties’ rate declining by 43 percent.
Experts said the reason of low casualties in February was the ongoing peace talks.
Pajhwok Afghan News reports citing different sources show 986 people killed and 839 others injured in 29 of the country’s 34 provinces in January.
Maximum Casualties Due to
In May 60 attacks were carried out by security forces, 57 by the Taliban, 24 by foreign forces, two illegal armed groups, one Pakistan and there was no claim of responsibility for the remaining attacks. There is an increase in the number of attacks by security forces by 20 %.
In April there were 153 attacks, 52 by government armed opponents, 50 by security forces, 14 by foreign forces and no claim for remaining attacks.
Of 18 persons 11 suffered casualties in face to face attacks, three in airstrikes, two in blasts and one each in targeted and suicide attacks.
127 attacks, of which 49 were carried out by the Taliban, 37 by Afghan forces and eight by foreign forces.
Eight of every 10 victims suffered casualties in face-to-face fighting and one each in airstrikes, targeted attacks and blasts.
10 among each 17 people suffered casualties in face to face fighting, three in suicide attacks, one each in airstrikes, targeted attacks and explosions.
Comparison Previous Month
Attacks surged by 37 percent while casualties increased by 24 percent compared to the month of March.
20 percent increase in casualties in April compared to the number of people killed and wounded in March.
1,500 people suffered casualties in March while in April nearly 1,900 people killed in wounded.
In April there were 153 different attacks, 20 percent higher than in March.
Attacks increased by 21 percent in March compared to February, casualties increase by 48 percent
Causalities decreased by 43 percent and attacks by 20 percent in February compared to previous month
Casualties in January increased by 44 percent compared to the same period the previous month.
Comparison Previous Year
In the last five months of 2019, more than nearly 8,600 people suffered casualties. This is a drop by 16 percent compared to 2018 and 10 percent compared to the same period of 2017.
In 2017, around 25,000 people suffered casualties compared around 27,000 people killed or injured in attacks in 2018. Considering statistics of the last two years, averagely 2,149 people suffered casualties each month and 72 people each day.
The first four months have seen 6300 casualties 1575 per month and 53 per day thus there appears to be a drop in 2019.
Province with Maximum Violence
23 attacks took place in Nangarhar, 19 in Helmand, 15 in Ghazni, 14 in Kandahar, 12 in Kabul, 11 in Logar and remaining 116 in 24 provinces. Kabul saw a spike in violence in May and the trend is continuing in June.
most of the attacks 21 took place Nangarhar province, 20 in Ghazni, 12 in Faryab, 10 in Jawzjan and the remaining 90 attacks took place in 25 provinces.
Eighteen attacks happened in Nangarhar, 10 in Faryab, Helmand and Kandahar each, nine in Ghazni and Jawzjan each and the rest 61 attacks happened in other 22 provinces of the country in March.
Twelve attacks happened in Nangarhar, 11 in Helmand, 10 in Kandahar, nine in Ghazni and Sar-i-Pul each and the rest of 54 attacks occurred in 22 other provinces.
Most or 17 attacks happened in Faryab, 10 each in Kandahar and Nangarhar, eight each in Baghlan, Helmand, and Kabul and the rest (70) other attacks in other 23 provinces of the country.
Province without Violence
Bamyan, Nimroz, Panjshir and Nuristan provinces.
no report of casualties from Bamyan, Daikundi, Uruzgan, Panjshir and Nuristan provinces.
In March, there were no reports of casualties from Bamyan, Nuristan, Ghor, Nimroz and Panjsher provinces.
In February, there were no reports of casualties from Bamyan, Nuristan, Paktia, Paktika, Zabul, Kunar and Panjsher provinces.
In January, there were no reports of casualties from Bamyan, Nuristan, Daikundi, Paktia and Panjsher.
Nineteen attacks happened on May 05 in which 141 people were killed and 128 others injured marking the most deadliest day in May.
Highest number of casualties on a single day took place on 15th of April in 11 attacks which left 106 people killed and 141 others
March 22 was the deadliest day when 181 people were killed or wounded. Five attacks happened but the deadliest was in Sangin district of Helmand, where 65 Afghan soldiers were killed and 38 others wounded.
Maximum number of attacks happened on March 17.
February 16 was the deadliest day when 78 people were killed and 41 others wounded in different attacks.
Most of casualties happened on January 14 when a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) targeted the Green Village Camp in Kabul where non-governmental organizations and foreign guesthouses were located.
The ministry had said 10 people were killed and 113 others including 23 children and 12 women injured in the incident.