Dahal Blames Bureaucracy for Lack of Progress in Federalism in Nepal
The ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Co-chair Pushpa Kamal Dahal said bureaucrats’ failure to internalise political change had posed a challenge to the federal system. Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Co-chair Pushpa Kamal Dahal inaugurating Sudurpaschim Financial Summit by lighting a lamp, in Dhangadi as per the Himalayan Times.
Himalayan Times reported that Dahal said the bureaucrats were corrupting leaders’ mindset on various pretexts. He accused the civil servants of not cooperating with the political leadership for the implementation of federalism.
Nepal having adopted a three tier federal system – local, regional and national for the first time after the promulgation of the new constitution, cooperation among three-tiers government is seen essential.
Federalism was a new practice for Nepal and many things would be learnt over the course of its implementation. Federalism was achieved after a long struggle of the Nepali people.The bill relating to shared rights among the three levels was under discussion at the NA Legislation Committee.
There is a need of removing complexities seen in the practice of federalism to enhance effectiveness, more over federalism was inclusive and proportional than the traditional democratic system.
Delay in enacting required laws by the centre has had its impact on the performance of provincial governments, which said were facing inconvenience in formulating their laws.More over there were also concerns over resource allocation at the three tiers and distribution of officials.
As per the Asian Development Bank, in Nepal, the new constitution has assigned expenditure responsibilities and revenue sources to all three tiers of the government. While most of the key revenue sources remain with the central government, expenditure responsibilities of the subnational (province and local) governments are relatively larger creating a large vertical imbalance.
There is also a large horizontal imbalance among the subnational jurisdictions due to heterogeneity of areas, population sizes, economic bases and availability of natural resources.
Given the limited revenue bases assigned to subnational governments (SNGs), and their weak revenue generation and administration capacity, the resultant gaps at the SNGs will have to be met primarily through fiscal transfers by the central government. There is an apprehension that high fiscal dependence on the central government will adversely affect the quality of devolution and autonomy of SNGs.